Ian Rutledge is an economist and historian. He earned his PhD in Economic History from the University of Cambridge and has taught at the Universities of London and Sheffield, and for the Workers’ Educational Association. An Arabist who has studied the language for over two decades, Rutledge has devoted the past fifteen years to researching the economic and political history of the Middle East and North Africa. His publications include Enemy on the Euphrates: The Battle for Iraq, 1914–1921 and Addicted to Oil: America’s Relentless Drive for Energy Security. He lives in Sheffield.